General Services

Hygiene and Periodontal Care

Prevention Brushing      Flossing      Dental Visits    

Watch a video on how teeth decay

Good oral hygiene is the key to maintaining healthy teeth. More adults lose teeth as a result of unhealthy gums than for any other reason. Gum disease is easily preventable by keeping up a consistent oral hygiene routine.

An appointment with your hygienist is much more than a quick cleaning. It's an opportunity to detect potential problems before they occur and help you prevent damage to your teeth, keeping them bright and strong for a lifetime. During your visit, we carefully examine your teeth and gums and look for any subtle changes in their condition that may occur over time. We’ll also spend a lot of time talking to you about how to protect your teeth and maintain healthy gums. By emphasizing prevention, we are working with you to keep your teeth and gums in optimum condition for years to come.

Our hygienists want to ensure that you receive the best periodontal care. We will match the frequency of visits and the things specific to your homecare to your individual needs.

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Adam Dental Clinic uses porcelain inlays and composite resins to create fillings that are not only beautiful (or invisible) but also add strength to weakened teeth. Using the latest bonding technology, our restorations will be beautiful and will strengthen the teeth they are applied to.

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When one tooth is broken, severely damaged or decayed, a Crown may serve to strengthen, restore or improve the appearance of your natural tooth.

A crown, or cap, is a tooth-shaped covering placed over your natural tooth that has been carefully prepared. For example, a crown can repair a tooth when it is no longer possible to use a filling. Crowns may also be used to protect the structure of a tooth that is fractured or broken, and can be used in bridges or dentures.

Just as it sounds, a hollow "crown" matching the proper tooth shape is fitted over your tooth and bonded in place. The procedure begins with the dentist removing the decayed or damaged areas of the tooth. The artificial crown is built around the remaining natural tooth in a shade and shape that matches and improves the appearance of the area.

Usually, repairing a tooth for a crown takes two visits. First, the surface of the existing tooth is reduced slightly and prepared to form the foundation for the new crown. An impression is made of your teeth and used to create a crown that fits perfectly with your other teeth. A temporary crown is placed on the prepared tooth to protect it and keep you comfortable as the permanent crown is prepared. On your second visit, the temporary crown is removed and the permanent crown is bonded in place.

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Crowns (Cerec)

Crown with Build-up      Crown with no Build-up     

A recent innovation available at Adam Dental Clinic is the "computer-assisted design/computer-assisted manufacture", (CAD-CAM) crown. We use the technology developed by Cerec, a company that is an industry leader in this area. A Cerec crown is milled by a computer in our office, to fit your tooth precisely, ensuring the best possible fit, a strong bond and allowing the entire crown procedure to be completed in a single visit.

With Cerec's technology, the crown is fabricated while you wait, eliminating the need for a second appointment and a temporary crown. Cerec crowns are milled out of pure high-quality ceramic. Cerec technology can also be used to manufacture porcelain fillings.

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If one or more teeth are missing, your dentist will build a “bridge” of natural looking teeth to replace the missing ones. Often, Crowns are fitted to the teeth on either side of the gap and natural looking replacements are attached to the crowns, filling the gap in between. The ‘bridge’ is held firmly in place by the crowns and the natural teeth that they strengthen. Bridges are created specifically for your mouth and matched to your teeth so the replacements cannot be distinguished from your natural teeth. They are permanently bonded to your teeth and are not removable.

Adam Dental Clinic crowns and bridges are made from superior materials, including semiprecious or precious metals, porcelain, or a fused combination of the two. The material is selected to provide the best possible look, fit, durability and compatibility with your gums and teeth.

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Dental Implants

When a single tooth is missing or when bridging is not the best option, an implant may be a recommended alternative. A metal anchor, usually made of titanium, is surgically implanted into the jawbone, which fuses it in place as it heals. The anchor has metal posts which mimic a natural tooth's root structure. A natural looking replacement tooth is held firmly in place by the anchor, providing a strong and permanent repair that is virtually indistinguishable from your natural teeth.

Dental implants are changing the way people live! With them, people are rediscovering the comfort and confidence to eat, speak, laugh and enjoy life. With an implant, you will be able to eat virtually anything and you will be able to smile with confidence, knowing

For most patients, the placement of dental implants will require two visits for surgical procedures. First, the anchors are implanted in your jawbone, which is then left to heal for three to six months, allowing it to bond firmly with the implant anchor. You may be able to wear a temporary denture during this period, but may need to stick to a diet of soft foods.

After the implant has bonded to the jawbone, the dental surgeon will uncover the implants and attach a small healing collar. In 4 - 6 weeks, the dentist will be able to start making your new teeth. An impression will be taken, then posts or attachments can be connected to the implants. The entire procedure usually takes six to eight months, but should not affect your day-to-day life.

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Root Canal

Direct      Indirect   

A root canal is one of the most common dental procedures, with over 14 million performed every year. This simple treatment can save your natural teeth and prevent the need of dental implants or bridges.

At the center of your tooth is a collection of blood vessels known as ‘pulp’ that helps to build the surrounding tooth. Infection of the pulp can be caused by trauma to the tooth, decay, cracks, chips or repeated dental work.

If you experience visible injury or swelling of the tooth, sensitivity to temperature or pain in the tooth and gums, your dentist will most likely recommend a root canal to remove the diseased pulp and prevent further damage. The injured pulp is removed and the hollow root of the tooth is thoroughly cleaned and sealed. Root canals are usually done using local anesthetic and may be completed in one or more visits depending on the treatment required.

Your dentist will help you to decide on the best type of restoration to protect your tooth. It is rare for root canal patients to experience complications, but if a problem does occur, we are available at all times to respond. As always, a good oral hygiene routine will help to prevent problems.

Generally, a root canal is all that is needed to save a tooth with injured pulp. Occasionally, this non-surgical procedure may not be sufficent to heal the tooth and surgery may be required, but root canals are generally effective in 90% of cases. A root canal tooth no longer has a blood supply and will become brittle. To prevent the tooth from breaking, a crown is highly advised.

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Orthodontics, or “braces” is the branch of dentistry that focuses on preventing problems caused by an irregular bite. Orthodontists also have specialized training in dealing with facial abnormalities and disorders of the jaw. A parent may consult an orthodontist after receiving a referral from their child's general dentist.

Any orthodontic problem may be classified as a malocclusion, or "bad bite." Orthodontic treatment can be used to correct:

  • Misaligned, crooked, or crowded teeth.
  • Missing teeth
  • Extra teeth
  • An over- or Misaligned or incorrect jaw position
  • A disorder of the jaw joint

A member of our ortho team hard at work on Jennie our dental assistant.

In most cases, the ideal time for orthodontic treatment, is between the ages of 10 and 14. Although the re-alignment of teeth can be done at any age, the adult mouth must overcome already-positioned facial bones and jaw structure and may require more than one type of orthodontic treatment and can sometimes involve surgery.

Braces, also called fixed orthodontic appliances, generally come in three varieties:

  • Brackets, which may be metal or plastic, clear or tooth-colored, that are bonded to teeth.
  • Lingual-type brackets that attach to the back of teeth, hidden from view.
  • Metal bands that wrap around the teeth.

All three types use wires to move the teeth to the desired position.

While the braces are in place, it is important to maintain a thorough dental health routine that includes regular brushing with fluoride toothpaste and a soft-bristled toothbrush, as food becomes easily lodged in the braces. Daily flossing between the teeth and the braces is essential as are cleanings by your dentist or orthodontist every six months or as recommended. It is also a good idea to limit sugar and starch intake, as debris left behind from these types of foods may turn into damaging acids, which may harm teeth and gums and promote plaque formation. Also avoid hard or sticky snacks that may be difficult to remove from the wires and brackets. This includes foods such as popcorn, hard or chewy candy, caramel and nuts.

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PLEASE NOTE This information was compiled from a variety of sources and is not intended to substitute or replace the professional medical advice you receive from your child's dentist/physician. The content provided here is for informational purposes only, and was not designed to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease. Please consult your child's physician/dentist with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your condition.

September 23, 2011

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